HCN, v2 = 1
Hydrogen Cyanide, v2 = 1
Species tag 027503
Date of EntryFeb. 2007
ContributorH. S. P. Müller

A plethora of vibrational states of the HCN molecule are of relevance for astronomical observations. The states are designated by (v1v2v3). Note: The (100) mode is the CH stretching mode at 3311.5 cm–1; the (010) mode is the doubly degenerate bending mode at 712.0 cm–1; and the (001) mode is the CN stretching mode at 2096.8 cm–1. The designation of the (100) and (001) modes has been interchanged on occasion – sometimes without recognizing this.
The Feb. 2003 entry was based on data for (000) and (010). The May 2007 entry employs in addition data for (020) and (030) as well as (001) and (100). Below (100), the Coriolis interacting (040) and (011) states have to be included in the fit.
The observed v2 = 1 transitions were taken from
(1) H. E. Radford and C. V. Kurtz, 1970, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Standard 74A, 791;
(2) A. G. Maki, 2000, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 3, 221;
(3) E. Fliege, H. Dreizler, A. P. Cox, and S. D. Hubbard, 1984, Z. Naturforsch., 39a, 1104;
and from
(4) S. Thorwirth, H. S. P. Müller, F. Lewen, S. Brünken, V. Ahrens, and G. Winnewisser, 2003, Astrophys. J. 585, L163.
Sources for the v = 0 data are given in e027501.cat, those for higher vibrational states in one of the documentations e027507.cat to e027510.cat.
Extensive infrared data was taken from
(5) A. G. Maki, G. C. Mellau, S. Klee, M. Winnewisser, and W. Quapp, 2000, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 202, 67.
The dipole moment was reported by
(6) R. L. DeLeon and J. S. Muenter, 1984, J. Chem. Phys. 80, 3992.
The 14N hyperfine splitting can be resolved for low values of J. Therefore, a separate hyperfine calculation is provided up to J" = 4. While the general entries do NOT include hyperfine effects, the spin multiplicity gI of 3 for the 14N nucleus is included in the partition function as well as in the upper state degeneracy gup.
The partition function takes into account all vibrational states used in the fit. Contributions of individual vibrational states to the partition function are available. The vibrational contributions are essentially complete at 300 K.

Lines Listed204
Frequency / GHz< 6363
Max. J73
log STR0-15.0
log STR1-18.0
Isotope Corr.-0.0
Egy / (cm-1)711.98
 µa / D2.9420
 µb / D 
 µc / D 
detected in ISM/CSMyes

Database maintained by Holger S. P. Müller and Sven Thorwirth, programming by D. Roth and F. Schloeder