N. W. Broten, T. Oka, L. W. Avery, J. M. MacLeod, and H. W. Kroto,
The Detection of HC9N in Interstellar Space
Astrophys. J. 223, L105L107 (1978)
reported the first detection of this cyanopolyyne in two transitions (J = 18 17 and 25 24 near 10.5 and 14.5 GHz, respectively) in Heile's Cloud 2 employing the 46 m radio telecope of the Algonquin Radio Observatory before the molecules was detected in the laboratory. The spectroscopic parameters were estimated from the smaller cyanopolyynes. Heile's Cloud 2 is better known as TMC-1.
More recently, the molecule was also detected in six transitions
in the circumstellar shell of the famous carbon star CW Leo:
M. B. Bell, L. W. Avery, J. M. MacLeod, and H. E. Matthews,
The Excitation Temperature of HC9N in the Circumstellar Envelope of IRC +10216
Astrophys. J. 400, 551555 (1992).
Truong-Bach, D. Graham, and Nguyen-Q-Rieu,
HC9N from the Envelopes of IRC +10216 and CRL 2688
Astron. Astrophys. 277, 133138 (1993);
detected one additional higher-J transition toward the former source and the same transition in a protoplanetary nebula.