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Universität zu Köln
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Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät
Fachgruppe Physik

I. Physikalisches Institut

Resolving the disk structure in high-mass star forming regions

ALMA observations of the sources G35.20-0.74 and G35.03+0.35 have resolved disks around two massive stars. These observations are suited to study the structure of these disks and compare them with simulations.

Searching for disks and studying feedback in the high-mass star forming region G29.96-0.02

ALMA observations of the high-mass star forming complex G29.96-0.02 revealed a complex dense gas structure with velocity signatures commonly found in disks. The presence of disks around high-mass stars is a current topic of debate. Furthermore, this region is ideal to study radiative feedback from a nearby HII region and mechanical feedback via a well-collimated molecular outflow.

Chemistry of complex organic molecules in the Large Magellanic Cloud

ALMA observations of organic molecules have been conducted, and are being conducted in the current cycle.  The goal of the thesis is to investigate the formation of complex organic molecules under the conditions of the LMC using the chemical code Saptarsy, and to compare with observations.

Synthetic spectra from chemical calculations

The chemical code Saptarsy has been developed to calculate chemical evolution in star-forming regions.  It has the ability to calculate synthetic spectra that can be compared to observations, but this is a very time consuming process.  The thesis is about developing a faster, if less acurate, method based on XCLASS, and to apply this to a parameter study for typical star formation conditions.

Cosmic Ray interactions with ice mantles

The chemistry program Saptarsy has recently been improved to provide a realistic description of grain mantles.  One important physical aspect that is missing is a realistic interaction of cosmic rays with the mantle.  In this thesis, the idea is to include these mechanisms, based on laboratory experiments from the literature.

Polarization in NGC 6334

Polarization measurements in the NGC6334 star forming cloud have been conducted using the POLKA instrument on APEX  This will allow to trace the magnetic field direction.  In the thesis, the magnetic field shall be compared to mass flows traced by molecular observations of the cloud.

Master thesis work in the superconducting detector group

Master thesis work  in the Superconducting Devices Group

 

1)  Cryogenic Time Domain Spectrometer Measurements of THz materials

A commercial TDS Spectrometer is expanded with a liquid helium dewar to do material measuremens at 4.2K. The set-up is still in its start up phase. Many new measurements need to be done, to which the set-up probably needs to be adapted in details. The work involves some technical work (assembling samples, filling dewars, aligning sources) but mostly  data interpretation, possibly some software development. You will learn basic lab skills including working with cryogenic liquids, optics and physics of Time Domain Spectroscopy. As a member of our group with various people very  interested in your results you will develop also your communication- and discussion skills.

 

2) Superconducting IF circuits for 0.5-10 GHz for balanced and 2SB mixers

We develop superconducting heterodyne mixers for frequencies from 300 GHz -10 THz. For the lower part of this frequency band we are currently designing balanced and side band separating(2SB) mixers. In a mixer the high frequency signal is mixed down to frequencies between 0.2-10 GHz, the intermediate frequency (IF). At the IF some additional circuitry, like 90° or 180° 3dB couplers or (Wilkinson) power combiners, is needed for balanced or 2SB  mixers. We are developing these circuits in superconducting technology to integrate them with the mixers at cryogenic temperatures. The circuits are fabricated in our in-house cleanroom. The work involves measurement ( also development of smart ways of measuring)  and analysis of existing circuits and design of new (optimzed) circuits using existing software. You will be supervised by PhD students that are developing the mixers, and so gain insight in the whole system and discuss your results in that framework.

 

Due to the (in itself very nice circumstance) that we have acquired a new, more extended, sputtering machine, which needs to be installed and taken into operation, this thesis work is on hold. Probable start would be in September 2017.

3) Development of SIS mixers with AlN tunnelbarriers for THz SIS mixers

To extend the frequency range of SIS mixers to 2 THz , superconducting thin films with a critical temperature higher than that of niobium have to be developed. To use these films in a SIS tunnel junction also new tunnel barriers fitting to these materials have to be developed. We have already developed films NbTiN, and Nb films with a Tc around 15K. A good candidate for a barrier material is AlN. We have already some experience with AlN barriers that is  promising. You will fabricate AlN barriers, on Nb to start with, with the new source, and optimize the quality of the barriers. The quality will be measured by doing DC measurements at 4.2 K ("dipstick") on Nb/AlN/Nb SIS tunnel junctions. You will learn: Basic steps in clean room fabrication techniques (sputtering, photolithography, etching) first principles of SIS device physics, DC cryogenic measurement techniques. Soft skills: team work (in clean room), discussion and communication skills.

Shocks in hot cores

The program Saptarsy can be used to model spectra of astrophysical sources based on evolutionary chemical models.  This shall be done here for a parameter space, taking into account shocks that will provide an instantaneous release of the ice mantle at a random time.