On the Detection of Nitrogen Sulfide, NS, in Space

The two Λ components of the J = 5/2 – 3/2 pertaining to the lower energy Π1/2 ladder were detected with the NRAO 11 m telescope between 115 and 116 GHz toward Sgr B2(OH) by:
C. A. Gottlieb, J. A. Ball, E. W. Gottlieb, C. J. Lada, and H. Penfield,
Detection of Interstellar Nitrogen Sulfide
Astrophys. J. 200, L147–L149 (1975).
The features displayed partially resolved hyperfine structure. The molecules was also detected in this and other transitions toward several other hot cores.

NS was also observed in TMC-1 and L134 by:
D. McGonagle, W. M. Irvine, and M. Ohishi,
Nitrogen Sulfide in Quiescent Dark Clouds
Astrophys. J. 422, 621–625 (1994).

It has been detected in a planetary nebula:
C. Sánchez Contreras, V. Bujarrabal, R. Neri, and J. Alcolea,
High-resolution observations at λ = 3 mm of the OH231.8+4.2 molecular outflow
Astron. Astrophys. 357, 651–660 (2000).

NS occurs in PDRs as well:
S. Leurini, R. Rolffs, S. Thorwirth, B. Parise, P. Schilke, C. Comito, F. Wyrowski, R. Güsten, P. Bergman, K. M. Menten, and L.-Ċ. Nyman,
APEX 1 mm Line Survey of the Orion Bar
Astron. Astrophys. 454, L47–L50 (2006).

N34S has been identified tentative in Sgr B2(OH) by:
B. E. Turner,
A molecular line survey of Sagittarius B2 and Orion-KL from 70 to 115 GHz. I - The observational data
Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 70, 539–622 (1989).

Contributor(s): H. S. P. Müller 08, 2011